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Society of Jesus
Knights of Saint George
Aribonids
Boto
Aribo II
Millstatt Abbey
Stift Millstatt
Millstatt am See
Turkish incursions
Millstatt
Ottoman Wars
Counter-Reformation
Jesuits
Oesterreich
Carinthia
Kärnten
Austria
oostenrijk
autriche


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Millstatt am See - Stift Millstatt

Millstatt am See - Stift Millstatt
Stift Millstatt ("Millstatt Abbey") was founded by the Aribo II and Boto, members of Aribonids, a noble, Bavarian family, around 1070.

Run by Benedictine monks, who surely had contacts to Hirsau (-> Cluny) and protected by Papal deeds, Stift Millstatt prospered in the early years and a nunnery wa added.

Within the 13th century, the decay began. As the abbey had secular Church Vogts, it suffered strongly under the political powergames of that timne and finaly ended 1456 under the House of Habsburg. At that time only 10 monks still lived here.

Emperor Frederick III reached a papal bull in 1469, so that the military order of the Knights of Saint George took over Stift Millstatt in order to fight the invading troops of the Ottoman Empire.

The order now had to cope with the debts left by the Benedictines and the redevelopment of the neglected premises. While the knights were engaged with the fortification of the monastery, they failed to protect the region. Millstatt was heavily devastated by the Turks in 1478, followed by Hungarian troops in 1487. As the power of the knightly order declined, unrests and revolts arose among the surrounding peasants.

As the new Protestant belief spread in the area the monastery vested the Society of Jesus ("Jesuits") in 1598 to support the Counter-Reformation.

The monks were disliked by the population for their stern measures. In 1737 the displeasure culminated in open revolt, when peasants ganged up and stormed the monastery. The rule of the Jesuits ended, when the order was suppressed by Pope Clement XIV in 1773. The monks had to leave Millstatt.

Today the former abbey-church serves the parish, while the other buildings, that had passed to the public administration of the Habsburg Monarchy, when the Jesuits left, belong to the Austrian state and host the "Österreichische Bundesforste" (Austrian State Forestry Commission).

Alexander Prolygin, aNNa schramm have particularly liked this photo


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