Götz Kluge

Götz Kluge

Posted on 06/08/2013

Photo taken on April 11, 2012

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pictorial citation
image comparison
pictorial allusions
Victorian era
hidden images
religious iconography
teaching arts
teaching literature
John Everett Millais
cultural criticism
Philip Galle
Bildzitat/Nachbild als künstlerische Strategien
pictorial quote
visual semiotics
visuelle Semiotik
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The Hunting of the Snark
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Joseph Swain
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Christ in the House of His Parents
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Edward VI
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Holiday - Millais - Anonymous - Galle

Holiday - Millais - Anonymous - Galle
See also: www.academia.edu/9856486/Henry_Holiday_-_and_Millais_Christ_in_the_House_of_His_Parents_


The discovery here is the allusion by Henry Holiday to the painting by J.E. Millais. Finding Millais' allusions to an anonymous painter and to Galle's print is a "bycatch" of my Snark hunt. The relation between the anonymous painting and Galle's print already has been explained by Margaret Aston in 1994. That relation brobably has been discovered even earlier by Millais.


[left]: Henry Holiday: Depiction (1876) of the Baker's visit to his uncle in Lewis Carroll's "The Hunting of the Snark" (engraved by Joseph Swain). Outside of the window are some of the Baker's 42 boxes.

[right top]: John Everett Millais: Christ in the House of His Parents aka The Carpenter's Shop (1850).
Location: Tate Britain (N03584), London.
* Deborah Mary Kerr (1986): John Everett Millais's Christ in the house of his parents (circle.ubc.ca/handle/2429/26546)
* p.34 in (01) Éva Péteri (2003): Victorian Approaches to Religion as Reflected in the Art of the Pre-Raphaelites, Budapest 2003, ISBN 978-9630580380 (shortlink: www.snrk.de/EvaPeteri.htm)
* Albert Boime (2008): Art in an Age of Civil Struggle, 1848-1871
p. 225-364: The Pre-Raphaelites and the 1848 Revolution (en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Special:BookSources/0226063283)

[right middle]: Anonymous: Edward VI and the Pope, An Allegory of Reformation, mirrored view (16th century, NPG 4165). Iconoclasm depicted in the window. Under the "window" 3rd from left is Thomas Cranmer who wrote the 42 Articles in 1552.
Edward VI and the Pope (NPG 4165) was, until 1874, the property of Thomas Green, Esq., of Ipswich and Upper Wimpole Street, a collection 'Formed by himself and his Family during the last Century and early Part of the present Century' (Roy C. Strong: Tudor and Jacobean Portraits, 1969, p.345). Thus, when Millais' Christ in the House of His Parents ('The Carpenter's Shop') was painted in 1849-1850, the 16th century painting was part of a private collection. It was sold by Christie's 20 March 1874 (lot 9) to a buyer unknown to me, that is, when Holiday started with his illustrations to The Hunting of the Snark.
Location: National Portrait Gallery, London

[right bottom]: Philip Galle after Maarten van Heemskerck, Redrawn print Ahasuerus consulting the records (1564). The resemblance to the image above (right middle) was shown by Dr. Margaret Aston in 1994 in The King's Bedpost: Reformation and Iconography in a Tudor Group Portrait (p. 68). She also compared the bedpost to Heemskerck's Esther Crowned by Ahasuerus.
Location: Rijksmuseum, Amsterdam

AuSteve51 has particularly liked this photo

8 comments - The latest ones
Götz Kluge
Götz Kluge

J. E. Millais

Holiday - Millais - Anonymous - Galle

42 Boxes, Sheep, Iconoclasm

Thomas Cranmer's 42 Boxes
Thomas Cranmer's 42 boxes

Wood Shavings turned Pope

Holiday - Millais - Anonymous - Galle; detail

Kerchiefs and other shapes
Kerchiefs and other shapes

Thumb & Lappet
Thumb and Lappet

The Carpenter and Ahasuerus
The Carpenter and Ahasuerus
5 years ago. Edited 4 years ago.
The Baker appears taken aback, (the upset stool), by the singular resemblance of his uncle to Count Orlok. Whether he had knowledge of the Transylvanian, or not.
5 years ago.
Götz Kluge has replied to AuSteve51

The Baker just learned about the Boojum.

· · · · 209· · " 'But oh, beamish nephew, beware of the day,
· · · · 210· · · · If your Snark be a Boojum! For then
· · · · 211· · You will softly and suddenly vanish away,
· · · · 212· · · · And never be met with again!'

That's perhaps worse than certain transylvanians.
5 years ago. Edited 5 years ago.
AuSteve51 has replied to Götz Kluge
Then I hope he's provisioned with 'smiles and soap' : )
5 years ago.
Götz Kluge has replied to AuSteve51
That works as long as the Snark is no Boojum:

· · · · 201· · " 'You may seek it with thimbles--and seek it with care;
· · · · 202· · · · You may hunt it with forks and hope;
· · · · 203· · You may threaten its life with a railway-share;
· · · · 204· · · · You may charm it with smiles and soap--' "

Samuel Wilberforce (7 September 1805 - 19 July 1873) was an English bishop in the Church of England, third son of William Wilberforce. Known as "Soapy Sam", Wilberforce was one of the greatest public speakers of his day. The nickname derives from a comment by Benjamin Disraeli that the Bishop's manner was "unctuous, oleaginous, saponaceous" (slippery, evasive). He is probably best remembered today for his opposition to Charles Darwin's theory of evolution -- most notably at a famous debate in 1860 during which he is said to have asked Thomas Henry Huxley whether it was through his grandfather or his grandmother that he claimed his descent from a monkey, and got as answer that "he would not be ashamed to have a monkey for his ancestor, but he would be ashamed to be connected with a man who used his great gifts to obscure the truth."

Charles Darwin's snarked study at Down:
Darwin's Study and the Baker's Uncle
5 years ago.
Ha! What a stately gavotte!!
5 years ago.
Götz Kluge
Götz Kluge
More (by Albert Boime) on sources to Millais' painting: www.albertboime.com/Articles/29.pdf
3 years ago.