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Keywords

Switzerland
Trikonchos
Dreikonchenanlage
triconch
Heiligkreuzkapelle
Benediktinerinnenkloster St. Johann
Saint John Abbey
Müstair
Carolingian
Graubuenden
Val Müstair
Grisons
Charlemagne
World Heritage Site
Schweiz
Graubünden
dendrochronological


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Val Müstair - Heiligkreuzkapelle

Val Müstair - Heiligkreuzkapelle
Many churches, chapels and abbeys all over continental Europe claim to be founded by Charlemagne.

Saint John Abbey in the village of Müstair (= monasterium) is - most likely - founded in deed by Charlemagne or a bishop under Charles´ order around 774. At that time Charlemagne fought war against the Langobards in Northern Italy and needed save and secure passes over the Alps for his army. Fortified monasteries played an important role in this strategy.

Dendrochronological surveys found out, that some of the beams used for the construction cut around 775, what is, when Charlemagne´s soldiers conquered the Lombardy.

The "Benediktinerinnenkloster St. Johann", today still a Benedictine nunnery, is since 1983 a UNESCO World Heritage Site.


This was my third visit to Müstair in recent years, so I will only upload a few of the fotos I took. In case you are interested, you
will find more in my "Switzerland-album".

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Seen her is the Carolingian "Heiligkreuzkapelle" ("Chapel of the Holy Cross"), dated ~ 775, is a very early triconch structure. This chapel is even older than "Germigny-des-Prés" with a similar blueprint. It has two floors and is - since years- closed to the public, as the restoration is still going on. Other (larger) triconch structures are St. Maria im Kapitol (1065), Aposteln (1200) and Groß St. Martin (1200), all in Cologne.

Here is more info about the chapel:

www.muestair.ch/en/convent/history-research/highlights-in...

aNNa schramm, Peggy C, Elbertinum have particularly liked this photo


Comments
Peggy C
Peggy C
A beautiful composition .. and thank you for all the information and link .

Discovered in: EXPLORE..
3 months ago.