TigerHead

TigerHead

Posted on 09/16/2010


Photo taken on September 16, 2010


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Gothica

Gothica
Home of Oz, the Great and Terrible - Cologne, Germany - July, 2006

"...if the wizard is a wizard who will serve..." from The Wizard of Oz - Warner Brothers, 1939

Kölner Dom - officially, Hohe Domkirche St. Peter und Maria

(Please view in larger sizes for best effect)


In 1164, the Archbishop of Cologne, Rainald of Dassel had acquired relics of the Three Kings which had been taken from Milan, Italy by the Holy Roman Emperor, Frederick Barbarossa. The relics had great religious significance and could be counted upon to draw pilgrims from all over Christendom. It was important to church officials that they be properly housed. The loss of the old five-aisled cathedral prompted a building program in the new style of Gothic architecture based in particular on the French Cathedral of Amiens.

The foundation stone was laid on August 15, 1248, by Archbishop Konrad von Hochstaden. The eastern arm was completed under the direction of Master Gerhard, was consecrated in 1322 and sealed off by a temporary wall so it could be in use as the work proceeded. Eighty four misericords in the choir date from this building phase. In the mid 14th century work on the west front commenced under Master Michael. This work halted in 1473 leaving the south tower complete up to the belfry level and crowned with a huge crane which was destined to remain in place, and the landmark of Cologne for 400 years.

Some work proceeded intermittently on the structure of the nave between the west front and the eastern arm but during the 16th century, this ceased.

With the 19th century romantic enthusiasm for the Middle Ages and spurred on by the lucky discovery of the original plan for the façade, it was decided, with the commitment of the Protestant Prussian Court, to complete the cathedral. It was achieved by civic effort, the Central-Dombauverein, founded in 1842, raised two-thirds of the enormous costs (over US$ 1 billion in today's money), while the Prussian state supplied the remaining third. The state saw this as a way to improve its relations with the large number of Catholic subjects it had gained in 1815.

Work resumed in 1842 to the original design of the surviving medieval plans and drawings, but utilising more modern construction techniques including iron roof girders. The nave was completed and the towers were added. The bells were installed in the 1870s.

The completion of Germany's largest cathedral was celebrated as a national event in 1880, 632 years after construction had begun. The celebration was attended by Emperor Wilhelm I.

mbr, Pierre Bigot, kstudi, HelenaPF and 3 other people have particularly liked this photo


7 comments - The latest ones
.t.a.o.n.
.t.a.o.n.
awesome beworking - i like it !
7 years ago.
TigerHead has replied to .t.a.o.n.
Many thanks, .t.a.o.n.!!
7 years ago.
Scumbeast
Scumbeast
Yes, Mr. Tigerhead, very interesting - thank you for posting.
7 years ago.
Rotraud_71
Rotraud_71
Great!!
It's a wpnderful building, the Kölner Dom - and a great photo! Well done!
7 years ago.
spreecouleur
spreecouleur
It has been saved from the allied bombs ...

See pictures of '45, when all buildings around were down,
exept the Dom ...
7 years ago.
JAY NALO
JAY NALO
Solemn and majestic architecture...superb photo!
7 years ago.