Posted on 09/26/2010

Photo taken on June 14, 2007

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200706 Trip
Thessalonikis District
Thessaloniki Capital
Galerius Arch
Archaeological Landmark

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PICT17825ac Thessaloniki Arch of Galerius 298 A.D

PICT17825ac Thessaloniki Arch of Galerius 298 A.D
The Arch of Galerius stands at Egnatia and Dimitrios Gounari streets crossing; The arch was built in 298 to 299 A.D and dedicated in 303 A.D to celebrate the victory of the tetrarch Galerius over the Sassanid Persians and the capture of their capital Ctesiphon in 298; The structure is an octopylon (eight-pillared gateway) forming a triple arch that was built of a rubble masonry core faced first with brick and then with marble panels ornate by bas-reliefs; A road connecting the Rotunda (125m northeast) with the Palace complex (235m southwest) passed through the arch along its long axis; At present, only the northwestern three of the eight pillars and parts of the masonry cores of the arches above survive; The two pillars flanking the central arched passageway retain their sculpted marble slabs, which depict the wars of Galerius against the Persians in broadly panegyric terms; Understanding of the sculptural program of the arch is necessarily limited by the loss of the majority of the marble panels, but what remains gives an impression of the whole; There were four vertically stacked registers of sculpted decoration on each pillar, each separated by elaborate moldings; The presence of a label for the Tigris river indicates that there were likely labels on others representations as the builders deemed necessary; It is clear that a certain degree of artistic license was taken in the representations, since the Caesar Galerius is shown in personal combat with the Sassanid Shah Narses in one of the panels; in fact, they never met in battle; The central panel on this side of the arch has a mounted Galerius attacking a similarly mounted Narses with a lance as an eagle flies down upon Galerius bearing a victory wreath in its talons; The Caesar sits securely on his rearing horse, while the Persian king appears at the point of being unhorsed; Terrified Persians cower under the hooves of the Caesar’s horse in the chaos of battle; The message of the panel is a competence and power of the Caesar Galerius; Greece Macedonia Thessalonikis District Thessaloniki Capital Galerius Arch.

Bojana, Evangrek63 have particularly liked this photo

7 years ago.
Jacques has replied to Evangrek63
I just have removed the many TV antennas on the buildings behind to magnify the monument, thank You Evan!
7 years ago.