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PB245075ac Malagasy Last Queen Ravalona III in Exil to France and Madagascar Quick Story
The Royal Hill of Ambohimanga consists of a royal city and burial site, and an ensemble of sacred places; It is associated with strong feelings of national identity, and has maintained its spiritual and sacred character both in ritual practice and the popular imagination for the past 500 years; It remains a place of worship to which pilgrims come from Madagascar and elsewhere; Ambohimanga has its roots in the 16th century, according to historians, or in the 14th century, according to oral traditions; It was one of many rivalling chieftaincies in the central plateau of the island, which during the 17th century slowly gained in local importance and power; In the late 18th century, the Ambohimanga-based chieftaincy conquered its neighbours and established the Imerina Empire, which grew to the leading power on Madagascar under the reign of Andrianimpoinimerina (born at Ambohimanga, ca. 1745, dead 1810); Under the rule of Andrianimpoinimerina, the capital was moved to Antananarivo, but Ambohimanga remained an important ritual site; Until the French occupation in 1895, Imerina Empire was to conquer most parts of the island; The Imerina royal house introduced a unique modernisation process in Madagascar in the late 19th century, even intending on industrialisation; With the baptism of Queen Ranavalona II in 1869, Christianity was made state religion; Obligatory school attendance was introduced in 1880, earlier than in most European countries; The last royal Malagasy Head of State was Queen Ranavalona III exiled by the French in 1897; Madagascar Antananarivo Hotel image.