Posted on 06/11/2013

Photo taken on April 30, 2008

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Champsecret Village
Siderurgic Site
Forges de Varenne
Basse-Normandie Region
Mediaeval Plant
Orne Department
Historical Monument

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P4300957ac Champsecret Forges of Varenne 16th

P4300957ac Champsecret Forges of Varenne 16th
Ancient Process to compare with actual Arcelor-Mital process:
In the blast furnace, iron ore is heated with charcoal; Powerful bellows operated by hydraulic energy permit to reach a temperature exceeding 1500 ° C melting ore; At the base of the blast furnace are poured large iron bars, called "gueuses", big blocks of alloy of iron and carbon; In a second step, these "gueuses" cast are reheated in other ovens of the forge refinery; Large hydraulic bellows boost air on the very hot melting; The carbon content in the iron combines with oxygen to form carbon dioxide which is discharged in smoke; The cast is well decarburised, transformed into pure iron; A large hydraulic hammer can forge iron ingots; These iron ingots are then cut into thin metal rods in the splitting mill; These metal rods will be sold on the markets of the grove craftsmen: blacksmiths, farriers, nailers ...; The Varenne site includes a blast furnace, refinery forges, a splitting mill, a hall to stock iron, and also remains of the ironmaster' house, a chapel and many houses of black smiths that once existed; France Basse-Normandie Region Orne Department Champsecret Village Forges of Varenne.

Василий Касимовский, PINEDE have particularly liked this photo

Ca devait "ferrailler dur" si j'ose dire! J'aurais aimé voir tout cela fonctionner et ce site reste pour moi plein de mystères! Merci Agatha!
4 years ago.