• orford keep

    Built 1165 for Henry II, the first multangular keep, using lessons gained from islamic fortification

  • hedingham castle 1140


  • sherborne castle chapel



  • sherborne castle

    this c12 pillar and norman capital were reused to support later work in the "keep", but from where?

  • sherborne castle

    the chapel was on the first floor

  • sherborne barbican



  • sherborne barbican

    long barbican steps cut through the bank, maybe c14

  • sherborne castle


  • hedingham great hall

    zigzag encrusts the arches of window bays and fireplaces, and a gallery looks down into the hall in the castle keep of 1140


  • hedingham gallery

    this gallery runs around the top level of the hall in the keep of 1140, looking down into it, but with no obvious purpose

  • hedingham castle 1140

    an enormous arch divides this floor in half, the hall so created having deep window embrasures and fireplaces decorated with plenty of zigzag.

  • hedingham castle

    internal lobbies , chambers and garderobes were built into the thickness of the massive walls of the keep of 1140


  • hedingham castle

    windows gaining in ornateness with height. mid c12 keep

  • hedingham castle

    built in barnack stone in 1140, and despite a fire 60 years ago, a fairly complete example of a tower keep. only the battlements and fore building are missing.

  • west malling tower 1090

    pigeon infested keep maybe built by gundulf , similar to his tower at rochester, and known as st.leonard's tower. built of kentish rag, utilising a natural outcrop of stone that runs as a low cliff here, forming one side of the basement story. lacking exc…


  • cardiff animalwall

    parts of this wall were designed by burges, parts by pullan, and some animals were added far into the c20th

  • cardiff bute tower


  • cardiff castle clock tower



1045 items in total