Group: A high level beginner


Andrey Erohin
August 11, 2011 - 37 visits

Photo opportunity to become a complete and accurate document was recognized very early. Photographers, predicted the Philadelphia "National Gazette" in 1849, "will visit foreign countries, royal courts of Europe, palaces pashas, ​​Red Sea and Jerusalem, the Pyramids of Giza and bring home an accurate view of all the grand and wonderful objects that are worth visiting are very expensive ... Can not swell the buds on the tree and flower, can not throw a flower or vegetable seed sprouts to dismiss without these wonderful processes were not captured in fine photography ... The ship's boiler can explode, or capricious river to get out of the coast, the gardener will not be able to escape with heiress or Reverend Bishop commit indiscretion without honest and official dagerotip not told the world about it. "

The first photographers do not waste time to confirm these predictions. Studio-factory produced thousands of portraits. Still wet ink on the pages of "National Gazette", and has a photograph of European landmarks and the U.S. border. Soon there were photographs Arabian desert, the Pyramids of Giza, Abu Simbel and the temples of Karnak, the Mexican and Crimean Wars, "Bloody Kansas" and the Sepoy Mutiny. In New York, were published two photographic journal. There were first photographic book. Bostonets named Whipple joined the chamber with a telescope at the Observatory of Harvard College to get a clear, detailed picture of the moon. In 1856, University of London included a photo in their respective academic disciplines. A few years later by Matthew B. Brady and his assistants began to create photographs of the American Civil War in America.

Although direct the documentary was the main purpose and function of photography more than a hundred years ago, and today, eminent scientists and artists recognized that the pictures are great opportunities to be discovered and brought into action. For example, Sir Charles Eastlake, President of the Royal Academy, Lord Ross, president of the Royal Society, jointly appealed to the Fox Talbot, the inventor of negative - positive, with a request to make it more acceptable conditions associated with the patent rights to his invention.

Status photography in the mid-nineteenth century is revealed most clearly in the relationship that developed between photography and fine art. The emergence of the photographic process has generated a shock wave that has spread throughout the art world. At first, it saw a dangerous rival. Unemployment began to threaten the illustrators and graphic artists. The threat seemed to be even greater, as the artistic ideal of detailed realism was at that time the sovereign. In part, sadly, some with pleasant excitement painter Delaroche said that "from now on painting was dead." He also said that the photo does not meets "all requirements of art" and embodies all the principles that lead to "perfection." Some artists, the least successful, changed his profession and have adopted a new process. These developments have had a great service to photography, because there are many good artists in podnatorevshih important matter of decoration is well-organized compositions. The most hostile to the photos showed the French poet and critic Charles Baudelaire, who condemned the defection of second-rate artists and talked about the corruption in the art world. So dense atmosphere of some illegality has been created around the photos, that even today many illustrators are opposed to it became known, the extent of their knowledge, information and even inspiration depends on the photos. "She is delightful, - said sadly ZH.-O.-D. Engr about photography - but, however, no one should recognize that. "

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