Wolfgang

Wolfgang

Posted on 12/10/2007


Photo taken on October 29, 2012



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Keywords

new scanned diapositives
Angkor Dynasty
Khmer Culture
Khao Phra Vihaan
Phra Vihaan
Kampuchea
Cambodia
Thailand
Angkor Culture
Angkor Highway
Border conflict
Preah Vihear Tempel
Khmer
Preah Vihear
ปราสาทเขาพระวิหาร
Prasat Preah Vihear
World Heritage
UNESCO World Heritage
Wihan
Prasat


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Photo replaced on January  6, 2013
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Prasat Khao Phra Vihaan is a Holy Cambodian national symbol

Prasat Khao Phra Vihaan is a Holy Cambodian national symbol
In modern times, the temple's location on the border between Cambodia and Thailand led to a dispute over ownership. In 1954, Thailand formally occupied the temple. In 1959, Cambodia applied to the International Court of Justice in the Hague to rule that the temple lay in Cambodian territory. In subsequent proceedings before the court, Cambodia based much of its case on a map drawn up in 1907 by French officers, some of whom had been part of a 1904 joint border demarcation commission formed by Thailand, then known as Siam, and the French colonial authorities then ruling Cambodia. The map showed the temple as being in Cambodia and was sent to the Siamese authorities as part of formal border demarcation activities. Over the subsequent five decades, in various other international forums, according to Cambodia, the Siamese/Thai authorities did not formally object to the map’s depiction of the temple’s location. Nor did the Siamese object when a French official from the colonial administration received the Siamese scholar and government figure Prince Damrong at the temple in 1930.
Thailand counter-argued that the map was not an official document of the 1904 border commission. It also noted that the mutually accepted principle governing demarcation by that commission was that the border would follow the watershed line along the Dângrêk mountain range, which the Thais said would put the temple in Thailand. Thai authorities never felt the need to formally object to the map, the court was told, because they had practical ownership of the temple. Any acceptance of the map, the court was informed, was based on a false understanding that it followed the watershed line.
On June 15, 1962, the court ruled that through its long lack of objection and its accepting and benefiting from other parts of a border treaty that grew from the 1904 commission's work, Thailand had in effect accepted the 1907 map, overriding any question of the watershed line, and that the temple belonged to Cambodia. The court declined to take up the question of whether the border as mapped in the vicinity of the temple corresponded to the watershed line. Thailand accepted the court's decision, but many Thais continue to believe that the decision was unfair. The accepted border line now passes just a few meters from the base of the southern steps.

Jerry Lee has particularly liked this photo


Comments
Lars Sözüer
Lars Sözüer
Sehr interessante Geschichte, die sich schön in den drei Schriften anklingt!
Ich bin Administrator der Gruppe Schrift und fände es toll, dieses Bild in unserer Gruppe sehen zu können.
11 years ago.
Lars Sözüer has added
Danke!
11 years ago.
Wolfgang
Wolfgang
Die Geschichte um diesen historischen Platz ist in der Tat sehr interessant, aber auch schockierend - vielen Dank für Deinen Kommentar, lieber Lars. Die Thais legen einen sehr hohen Wert darauf, dass ihre Heiligtümer und das Königshaus hoch geachtet werden, sodass es unverständlich ist, warum sie dieses nicht bei den Kulturgütern der Khmers tun. Deshalb musste in Phnom Phenh schonmal eine Thailändische Botschaft brennen. Wichtig ist, dass die Völker untereinander viel mehr Toleranz und Verständnis zeigen und auch bereit sind zu geben, anstatt immer nur zu nehmen. Hier gilt ganz strickt, Angkor, die Angkor Kultur und ganz besonders die Angkor Kulturgüter sind den Khmers heilig und das sollte jeder respektieren. Liebe Grüße aus Bangkok
11 years ago.