AlcatrazAmong Vards Uzvards' albums
Earliest known photograph of Alcatraz Island (1853). In 1850 a three-point defensive strategy for San Francisco Bay was proposed. It required that a massive brick fort be built on each side of the Golden Gate. Alcatraz, directly in line with ships entering the harbor, was selected as the site of the third, smaller fortification. An Army Board of Engineers surveyed the island in 1852, and construction had begun next year. www.alcatrazhistory.com
Native American political activists occupied Alcatraz a total of three times, the first in 1964, when they stayed for only four hours. On 09-Nov-1969 a small group landed on the island and claimed it in the name of the "Indians of All Tribes". A full-scale occupation began 11 days later, on 20-Nov-1969, and lasted for 19 months.