Glenn Gibson

Glenn Gibson

Posted on 08/16/2013

Photo taken on November  5, 2010

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Glenn Gibson
Bamburgh Castle
Scottish Borders

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Flooded Dunes at Bamburgh

Flooded Dunes at Bamburgh
Bamburgh Castle is an imposing Castle located on the Northumberland coast , Northern England.
It is a Grade I listed building.
It was known to native Britons as Din Guardi and was the capital of the British Kingdom of Bryneich from the realm's foundation in 420 until 547, the year of the first written reference to the Castle.
The Vikings destroyed the original fortification in 993.
The Normans built a new castle on the site, which forms the core of the present one.
William II unsuccessfully besieged it in 1095 during a revolt supported by its owner, Robert de Mowbray, Earl of Northumberland.
After Robert was captured, his wife continued the defence until coerced to surrender by the king's threat to blind her husband.
Bamburgh then became the property of the reigning English monarch.
As an important English outpost, the Castle was the target of occasional raids from Scotland.
In 1464 during the Wars of the Roses, it became the first Castle in England to be defeated by artillery, at the end of a nine-month siege by Richard Neville, 16th Earl of Warwick.
The Forster family of Northumberland provided the Crown with twelve successive governors of the Castle for some 400 years until the Crown granted ownership to Sir John Forster.
The family retained ownership until Sir William Forster was posthumously declared bankrupt, and his estates, including the castle, were sold to Lord Crew, Bishop of Durham, under an Act of Parliament to settle the debts.
The castle deteriorated but was restored by various owners during the 18th and 19th centuries.
It was finally bought by the Victorian industrialist William Armstrong, who completed the restoration.