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EF-S15-85mm f/3.5-5.6 IS USM


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Geology Geology



Keywords

rocks
Pembrokeshire
Wales
geology
coast
calcrete
Moor Cliffs Formation
caliche
sandstone
mudstone


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Gravel Bay - Moor Cliffs Formation with calcretes 1

Gravel Bay - Moor Cliffs Formation with calcretes 1
Freshwater West, Gravel Bay and East Pickard Bay

Moor Cliffs Formation in Gravel Bay.

This photo shows the mainly reddened mudstone beds in the Moor Cliffs Formation at the western end of Gravel Bay. The white mottling in the mudstones shows extensive calcrete soil horizons. The sequence is dipping to the north (right) at approx. 65°.

The walking stick is about 0.9 m long.

Background:
The Moor Cliffs Formation overlies the Freshwater East conglomerates, seen in previous photos, and spans the boundary between the Silurian and Devonian periods. It consists of red mudstones and siltstones with occasional thin sandstone beds. These were deposited on a low-reflief floodplain at the edge of an arid continental margin, the sandstones being deposited by seasonal braided streams, the muds and silts deposited in ephemeral marginal lakes. When not inundated, the muds and silts developed carbonate-rich calcrete (caliche) soil horizons along dessication cracks, burrows and early plant root systems.

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