Peter Crawford

Peter Crawford

Posted on 01/24/2014

Photo taken on January 24, 2014

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Fin de Siecle - Germany and Austria

Fin de Siecle - Germany and Austria
© Copyright Peter Crawford 2014

Fin de siècle is French for end of the century.
The term typically encompasses not only the meaning of the similar English idiom 'turn of the century', but also both the closing and onset of an era, as it was felt to be a period of degeneration, but at the same time a period of hope for a new beginning.
The "spirit" of 'fin de siècle' often refers to the cultural hallmarks that were recognized as prominent in the 1880s and 1890s, including boredom, cynicism, pessimism, and a widespread belief that civilization leads to decadence.
The themes of 'fin de siècle' political culture were very controversial and have been cited as a major influence on Völkisch philosophy and national socialism.
The major political theme of the era was that of revolt against materialism, rationalism, positivism, bourgeois society and liberal democracy.
The 'fin-de-siècle' generation supported emotionalism, irrationalism, subjectivism and vitalism, while the mindset of the age saw civilization as being in a crisis that required a massive and total solution.