Ada Adini By Benque

19TH CENTURY OPERA SINGERS


Etelka Gerster by Sarony

17 Aug 2014 257
ETELKA GERSTER (25 June 1855, Košice – 20 August 1920, Pontecchio) Hungarian Soprano Studied on the recommendation of the composer Hellmesberger at the Vienna Conservatory at the famous Mathilde Marchesi de Castrone. The composer Verdi heard her in 1875 in the house of her teacher at the presentation of an aria from his opera 'La Traviata' and recommended it to the Teatro Fenice Venice. There she began her great career in 1876, by Gilda in 'Rigoletto' as recited debut role. 1876-77 had her first successes in Marseille and Genoa. 1877 she was staying with an Italian opera company in Berlin, her sister, the soprano Bertha Krause-Gerster (* 1852? April 1885 Paris), was a member at the Kroll Opera .. She married the impresario Carlo Gardini (1833-1910),In 1877 she came to London and was at Her Majesty's Theatre as Amina in Bellini's 'La Sonnambula and was' very successful, so came in the following years to Her Majesty's near the end of her career in 1890 she was at the Covent Garden Opera . In the years 1878-87 she was mainly in North America, and indeed after 1878, she sang at the Mapleson Opera Company with which they undertook extensive concert tours through the United States. In 1878 she toured with this company at the Academy of Music in New York and had in her inaugural role of Amina in 'La Sonnambula', and then the Queen of the Night in the Magic Flute . In 1889 she moved to Berlin and opened a singing school, which met with general approval, and where she taught until 1917 there. She was the teacher of Lula Mysz Gmeiner, Clara Butt and Julia Culp.. In 1918 she retired to her villa in Pontecchio near Bologna .

Emma Eames by Falk

17 Aug 2014 300
EMMA EAMES (August 13, 1865 - June 13, 1952) American Soprano She attended school in Boston where she studied singing with Charles R. Adams.Later she took voice lessons in Paris with Mathilde Marchesi. Operatic debut in Gounod's Roméo et Juliette at the Paris at Palais Garnier, in 1889. She would perform the role of Juliette many other times during the next two years, while adding other leading French-opera parts to her repertoire. As early as November 1889, She left the company in 1891, Towards the end of 1891, Eames debuted at the Metropolitan Opera in New York City in her trademark part of Juliette, and she quickly became a favourite with Met audiences. She would perform regularly at the Met in a variety of operas until 1909, Eames also made a number of successful appearances at London's Royal Opera House, Covent Garden. She sang there intermittently from 1891 to 1901 and established herself as a genuine rival to Covent Garden's reigning diva, Nellie Melba she also sang in Madrid Monte Carlo Opera during the 1890s. In 1906, Eames visited San Francisco with a touring troupe of leading Met singers.Her farewell operatic performances was during the 1911-12 seasons with the Boston opera company. She then undertook a series of concert tours of the United States

Charles Santley by Alex Bassano

17 Aug 2014 244
CHARLES SANTLEY British Baritone (28 February 1834 – 22 September 1922) was an English-born opera and oratorio . He was a Choirboy and then appeared as an amateur singer, but finally decided to train his voice. He graduated in 1855, first at Gaetano Nava in Milan, then in Manuel Garcia in London. In 1857 he was heard in London for the first time as a soloist in the "creation" of J.Haydn. He debuted on stage in 1857 at the Municipal Theatre of Pavia as Dr. Grenvil in "La Traviata". Guest performances at leading theaters in Italy, England and France brachtem his first successes. He appeared especially at the Grand Opera of Paris and London at the Covent Garden Opera. He appeared in 1859 as Hoël in the English premiere of the opera "Dinorah" by Meyerbeer (with Mme Miolan-Carvalho as a partner), on 23.02.1860 in the world premiere of the opera "Lurline" by Vincent Wallace, on 11/30/1861 in the of "The Puritan's Daughter" by Michael Balfe, on 08/02/1862 in "The Lily of Killarney" by Julius Benedict (in the role of Danny Man). In 1863 he sang at Her Majesty's Theatre in London in the British premiere of Gounod's "Faust" in the presence of the composer Valentin. After this performance, Gounod composed for him the prayer of Valentin "Avant de quitter ces lieux" that is not found in the original score of the opera and is still not sung in Paris. In 1864 he participated in the British premieres of the operas "Mireille" by Gounod and "The Merry Weibner of Windsor" by Nicolai (in Italian) at the same theater. In 1870 he sang at Drury Lane Theatre in London, the title character in the British premiere of Wagner's "Flying Dutchman" (also still in Italian). In the years 1871 and 1891 he undertook glorious North American tours. In the 1875-76 season he was heard at the Carl Rosa Opera Company. He also made guest appearances at La Scala and the Teatro Liceo Barcelona. Until 1900, he regularly appeared on the stage, but gave up after that concert. He was considered the most significant English oratorio singers of his generation; his interpretation of the title role in "Elijah" by Mendelssohn was classified as completely incomparable. Since 1858 he sang at the Leeds Festival, since 1861 the Birmingham Festival, from 1863 to 1906 at each Three Choirs Festival, since 1862 also in the Handel Festival in London. In 1890 he toured Australia and New Zealand, 1893 and 1903, South Africa. In 1907, he was (to his 50th jubilee singers) knighted by King Edward VII. Than "Sir Charles Santley". In 1911 he was at the Covent Garden Opera London his farewell performance in "The Waterman" of Dibdin.

Marie Roze by Mora

17 Aug 2014 273
MARIE ROZE (born Maria Hippolyte Ponsin), (2 March 1846, Paris – 2 June 1926, Paris), French soprano. as Helen "Mefistofele" by Boito Debut at the Opéra-Comique 1865 . Her success there led to engagements with the Paris Opéra, and later in London. From 1876 she worked with the Carl Rosa Opera Company during their UK tours and in Scotland over a ten-year period sang roles ranging from Carmen and Manon to Marguerite] In 1877, she was engaged by the Max Strakosch Opera Company and made her American debut on 8 January 1878 in Philadelphia as Leonora in Donizetti's La favorita. She later toured the United States with the Carl Rosa Opera Company from 1883 to 1889 and was particularly noted for her interpretation of the title role Bizet's Carmen. In 1890, she taught singing in Paris and made her farewell tour in 1894.

Antonio Scotti by Aime Dupont

17 Aug 2014 328
Antonio Scotti as Don Giovanni "Don Giovanni" Mozart ANTONIO SCOTTI (25 January 1866 – 26 February 1936) Italian Baritone Antonio Scotti was born in Naples, Italy. His family wanted him to enter the priesthood but he embarked instead on a career in opera. He received his early vocal training from Esther Trifari-Paganini and Vincenzo Lombardi. According to most sources, he made his debut at Malta's Theatre Royal in 1889, performing the role of Amonasro in Giuseppe Verdi's Aida. Engagements at various Italian operatic venues ensued and he later gained valuable stage experience singing in Spain, Portugal, Russia and South America. In 1898, he debuted at Italy's most renowned opera house, La Scala, Milan, as Hans Sachs in Die Meistersinger. This now seems a surprising choice of role for Scotti because his subsequent career did not encompass the operas of Richard Wagner. Scotti's American debut took place in the fall (autumn) of 1899, when he sang in Chicago. On 27 December 1899 he made his first appearance in New York City at the Metropolitan Opera, undertaking the title role in Mozart's Don Giovanni. He would become an audience favorite at the Met, earning acclaim for his graceful singing of Donizetti's bel canto music as well as for the touch of elegance that he brought to his more forceful Verdi and verismo interpretations. Scotti appeared at Covent Garden in London for the first time in 1899, singing Don Giovanni. He would return to London on many occasions prior to World War I. At the Met in 1901, Scotti became the first artist to sing the role of Baron Scarpia in Giacomo Puccini's Tosca in America. He appeared, too, in the American premieres of Francesco Cilea's Adriana Lecouvreur, Ermanno Wolf-Ferrari's Le donne curiose, Umberto Giordano's Fedora, Franco Leoni's L'Oracolo and Isidore de Lara's Messaline. Scotti also sang a variety of mainstream baritone parts during his time at the Met, including Rigoletto, Malatesta, Belcore, Iago, Falstaff, Marcello, Sharpless and, as we have seen, Don Giovanni and Scarpia. He performed opposite his close friend Enrico Caruso when the illustrious tenor made his Met debut as the Duke of Mantua in 1903, and partnered 15 different Toscas over the course of his long career at the house. In 1912, Scotti's arrival in the United States with Pasquale Amato and William Hinshaw for his next Met season received extensive newspaper coverage He performed at Covent Garden on a regular basis until 1910, with additional appearances in the 1913–1914 season. During this period, he became not only London's first Scarpia but also its first Sharpless in Puccini's Madama Butterfly (in 1900 and 1905 respectively). In 1917, he was elected an honorary member of Phi Mu Alpha Sinfonia, the American fraternity for male musicians, at the New England Conservatory of Music. He formed his own troupe of singers in 1919, calling it, naturally enough, the Scotti Opera Company. He managed it for several seasons while touring the United States. Scotti celebrated his 25th anniversary with the Met on 1 January 1924 in a gala performance of Tosca. By the 1930s, Scotti's voice had declined considerably but he retained his place on the Met's roster of singers due to his outstanding histrionic ability. His final Met appearance occurred on 20 January 1933, when he sang Chim-Fen in L'Oracolo; he had created the role in 1905. Scotti returned to Italy to spend his retirement. He died in poverty in Naples in 1936, aged 70

Henrietta Beebe by Parkinson

17 Aug 2014 276
HENRIETTA BEEBE (2 December 1844 NY-5 September 1920 NY) American Soprano CONCERT & ORATORIO At the age of 14 she was a successful Choir singer and sang in some of the most important choirs in New York City.At aged 16 she sang Haydn's Creation at the Cooper Institute under the direction of Prof Charles Guilmette who became her first teacher .She made a concert debut in NY 4/1/1867 and was very well recieved . Later in 1867 she went to Milan to study with Perini and perfect herself in the italian method of singing.In 1881 she went to London for one year and studied with Julius Benedict , In 1886 she married the tenor William H Lawton . She visited Europe four times . She was later engaged at the National Conservatory of Music New York as a teacher of singing

William H Lawton by C M Bell

17 Aug 2014 227
WILLIAM H LAWTON (1829 NYC - ????) American Tenor Married to Henrietta Beebe

William H Lawton by Reichmann & Co

17 Aug 2014 213
WILLIAM H LAWTON (1829 NYC - ????) American Tenor Married to Henrietta Beebe

Emilie Melville by Scholl

17 Aug 2014 366
Emilie Melville as Arline "The Bohemian Girl" Balfe EMILIE MELVILLE 1850-1932 American Soprano/Actress Emilie was only five years old when she played the Duke of York to Edwin Forrest's Richard III in Providence, Rhode Island, the Philadelphian was a popular child star in Louisville and elsewhere on what was called the “Western” circuit. She moved to San Francisco in 1868 and for the next sixty years remained one of its most beloved singers. Much of her early success was as the prima donna of contemporary comic operas, but Melville also earned acclaim for her Ophelia and other dramatic interpretations. As late as the 1920s she played important older parts with the Alcazar Theatre's famous stock company and at other local playhouses

Agnes Huntington by Gehrig

17 Aug 2014 2871
AGNES HUNTINGTON-CRAVATH (13 August 1862 Kalamazoo -10 April1953 New York City) American Contralto Studied with Lamperti , Performed in Opera and on the Concert platform , Toured USA , Leipzic, Stuttgart and Berlin . Married 1892 to Lawyer Paul Drennan Cravath . Founded the Little Theatre Opera Group

Mark Smith by Gilbert and Bacon

17 Aug 2014 2 297
Mark Smith as Eisenstein in 'Die Fledermaus" Strauss MARK SMITH (1855 Alabama -??) American Baritone Performed chiefly in operetta in Boston and Chicago & Philadelhia INFORMATION THANKS TO GOTTFRIED "Mark Smith one of the most popular baritones on the comic opera stage of this country has in addition to a voice which is resonant flexible and unusually pleasing an agreeable presence essential qualities for light opera He has also had an excellent experience not only here but in Europe and his father and grandfather were actors so that he is particularly well equipped for his profession Born at Mobile Ala in 1855 it may fairly be assumed that he is not yet in the fullness of his power He has sung constantly stnce he was eleven years of age He was educated in France and in Italy an opportunity by which he profited in the acquirement of several languages He made his first appearance on the regular stage in 1876 as a member of McVicker's stock company in Chicago Here he did everything from the carrying a banner as a supernumerary to the playing of principal parts an experience which has since served him in good stead In the following year he went to Europe and sang a season of Italian opera in Russia Returning to America he played at the Chestnut Street Theatre Philadelphia where the influence of a splendid company of artists encouraged him in his chosen career In 1880 he commenced an engagement with CD Hey then in the zenith of his popularity and played in a repertoire of over forty operas ranging from La Mascotte to Faust After three years of incessant travel and consequent hard work he joined the forces of Colonel McCaull at the Casino New York city singing in The Beggar Student Die Fledermaus The Black Hussar and other similar operas When Mr Rudolph Aronson assumed the control of the Casino Mr Smith continued at that house and among other characters played that of Ravannes in Erminie many hundred times Within recent years he has sung in The Sea King The Mikado and Miss Helyett In the production at Palmer's Theatre New York of 1492 he sang the role of Columbus a part which he was induced to relinquish for that of the hero of The Rainmaker of Syria at his old home the Casino Mr Smith whose portrait appears on page 517 has joined The Algerian company and will be again seen in New York when Mr Reginald De Koven's new comic opera receives its metropolitan production." The Illustrated American Volume 14, page 535, October 28, 1893

Emma Elsner by Gilbert and Bacon

17 Aug 2014 254
Emma Elsner as 'Prince Orloffsky in 'Die Fledermaus" Strauss Emma Elsner (Emma Von Elsner) 1864-1923 American Mezzo Soprano Her father was a native of Germany, from a minor noble family, and her mother was the daughter of William Dimmitt, an early Illinois pioneer and one of the first settlers of Bloomington. Both parents were musically talented, younger sister of Marie Litta (Marie Eugenia Von Elsner ) 1856-1883.Performed mainly in Comic opera , Sang with the Von Elsner Opera Company, Hess Acme Opera Co and McCaull Opera Company touring the USA . Sang in "Faust" by Gounod , "Boccaccio" by von Suppe ,"Die Fledermaus" by Strauss ,"The Chimes of Normandy" by Planquette, "Les noces d'Olivette" by Audran , "Patience" by Gilbert & Sullivan and "The Widow by Lavallee "

Alice Gomez-Webb by Elliott & Fry

17 Aug 2014 414
ALICE GOMEZ-WEBB (1865Calcutta India-1922 Devon England) Anglo Indian Contralto Concert and Oratorio singer Alice Gomez received her earliest instruction in music from her elder sister and continued her studies with Antonio Niccolini , Conductor of the Calcutta opera . She later became a pupil of Mr Webb the organist at Calcutta Cathedral , whom she married . After 5 years of study he encouraged her to adopt singing as a profession and they travelled to England.Mr Kube after hearing her sing obtained and engagement for her to sing with Patti at Albert Hall .She sang at the Covent Garden promenarde concerts and elswhere in England with Edward Lloyd , Antionette Sterling , Sims Reeves and other notables.She never appeared in the USA or on the Continent

Emma Felice Mauduit by Unknown

17 Aug 2014 314
EMMA FELICE MAUDUIT (Rennes, 04 July 1845-). French Soprano Debut salle Le Peletier November 17, 1865 in ROBERT LE DIABLE (Alice). She appeared there in LA JUIVE (Rachel); THE FREISCHÜTZ (Agathe); DON CARLOS (Eboli); LA FIANCÉE DE CORINTHE (Daphne). She participated in the first performance March 03, 1869 of FAUST (Siebel). She performed at the Palais Garnier in ,LE PROPHÈTE (Berthe), HAMLET (Queen), FAUST (Siebel), LE FREISCHÜTZ (Annette), L'AFRICAINE (Selika) and DON JUAN (Elvire), and it created in 1874 L'ESCLAVE (Paula) of E. Membered. She left the Opera in 1875

Pol Plancon by Aime Dupont

17 Aug 2014 388
POL PLANCON (Pol Henri Plançon ) (12 June 1851 – 11 August 1914) French Bass Debut June 25, 1883 in FAUST (Mephistopheles). Sang LES HUGUENOTS (Saint-Bris, 1883 ; Marcel, 1892), L’AFRICAINE (don Diego, 1883 ; don Pedro, 1885 ; Grand Brahmine, 1886), LE PROPHETE (Oberthal), LE FREISCHÜTZ (Gaspard), HENRY VIII (de Norfolk) en 1883 ; SAPHO (Pithéas, 1884) ; GUILLAUME TELL (Gessler, 1885 ; Walter, 1888 ; Melchtal, 1892), RIGOLETTO (Sparafucile), SIGURD (Hagen) en 1885 ; LE CID (don Diègue, 1886), PATRIE ! (Duc d'Albe, 1887) ; HAMLET (le Roi), LA JUIVE (Brogni) en 1888 ; ROMÉO ET JULIETTE (Frère Laurent, 1889) ; LOHENGRIN (le Roi), LA FAVORITE (Balthazar) en 1891. A créé LE CID (don Gormas) le 30 novembre 1885 et ASCANIO (François Ier).

Sir George Henschel by Falk

17 Aug 2014 548
SIR GEORGE HENSCHEL (Isidor George Henschel ) (18 February 1850 – 10 September 1934) German-born British baritone, pianist, conductor, and composer. Born at Breslau, in Silesia, now part of Poland, then part of Germany, of Polish-Jewish parentage .His first appearance (1877) in England was as a singer, and there he and his wife inaugurated (c.1880) the song recital. In 1881 he became the Boston Symphony Orchestra's first conductor. He returned to England in 1884 and was professor of singing (1886—88) at the Royal College of Music, London. He founded (1886) the London Symphony Concerts, which he conducted until they ceased in 1897. In his musical compositions, which include operas, songs, choral works, and instrumental music, he was strongly influenced by Brahms and Wagner. He married the American soprano, Lilian June Bailey (1860-1901), who was associated with him in a number of vocal recitals throughout the United States and nearly all Europe until 1884. He was knighted in 1914 and at a farewell concert that year, was presented with a lute engraved with "A token of gratitude for forty years' song". He taught at the Institute of Musical Art in New York, .

Marguerite Ugalde by Nadar

17 Aug 2014 348
MARGUERITE UGLADE 1860-1942 French Mezzo Soprano Daughter of the singer and theater manager Delphine Ugalde. After studies in Paris with her mother, her first professional engagement was in 1879 at Étretat; she made her debut at the Opéra Comique on 19 April 1880 as Marie in La fille du régiment. She created the roles of Mnazile in Le Bois (11 October 1880) and Nicklausse in the first performance of Les contes d'Hoffmann by Offenbach in 1881. On the 18 November 1881, before the unveiling of a bust of Offenbach Ugalde and Adèle Isaac sang, and encored, the barcarolle from Hoffmann. After this short period at the Opéra Comique Ugalde moved over to operetta, both in Paris and elsewhere. At the Théâtre des Nouveautés she created Manola in Le Jour et la Nuit (5 November 1881), Wladimir in Fatinitza (6 April 1882), Falka in Le droit d'aînesse (27 January 1883), Stenio Strozzi in L’Oiseau bleu (16 January 1884), Denisette in Le Petit Chaperon rouge (1885) and Rosette in Serment d'amour (1886). She sang the first D’Artagnan in Les petits mousquetaires (5 March 1885) at the Théâtre des Folies-Dramatiques, as well as, after a serious illness, triumphing as René Belamour in Suppé’s Juanita. At the Théâtre des Bouffes-Parisiens (from 1887), where her mother had taken over the management, she gave first performances in several other operettas. Ugalde toured Belgium in 1888 and 1889 before returning to the Nouveautés as Jovaline in Le Royaume des Femmes (28 February 1889). At the Théâtre du Gymnase, she created Colinette in the comic play L'art de tromper les femmes (7 October 1890), following this with Koudjé in Mon oncle Barbassou (6 November 1891). In the vaudeville operetta Vingt-huit jours de Clairette she sang the title role (Folies-Dramatiques, 3 May 1892) and also appeared in a revival of Juanita. Further successes at the Théâtre des Variétés followed (Fragoletto in Les brigands, 1893) and as Joseph in Gamin de Paris at the Théâtre des Nations. She played Nicole in Le bourgeois gentilhomme (1904) and Toinette in Le malade imaginaire (1905) in productions of Molière at the Gaité. In 1908 she played Mme Brémont in Le Jouet at the Théâtre Femina.

Minnie Hauk by Mora (6)

18 Aug 2014 571
MINNIE HAUK (Amalia Mignon Hauck) (November 16, 1851 – February 6, 1929), American Soprano. In 1862, Hauk began vocal studies with Achille Errani, who secured her a spot with the operatic company of Max Maretzek. At age fourteen she made her debut in Brooklyn as Amina in La sonnambula, and a month later, in November, 1866, her New York City debut as Prascovia in L'étoile du nord. In the American premiere of Gounod's Roméo et Juliette (1867) she sang Juliette. Hauk sang at Covent Garden, London, on 26 October 1868, and debuted in Paris in 1869. The soprano then appeared in Italian and German opera at the Grand Opera in Vienna and other venues throughout Europe. Hauk was the first American Carmen (1878) and Manon (1885). Her voice became a mezzo-soprano of great strength and depth. Hauk's enormous repertory included approximately one hundred roles, and she sang Carmen in four languages.

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