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Italy - Italia Italy - Italia



Keywords

Italy
Città bassa
Città alta
Lombardy
Garibaldi
Charlemagne
Lombard
Bergamo
Attila
Cisalpine Republic


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Bergamo

Bergamo
Bergamo was the settlement of a Celtic tribe that got conquered by the Romans in 196 BC. Looted by Attila´s troops in the 5th century, it became the capital of a Lombardian duchy a century later. After the conquest of the Lombard Kingdom by Charlemagne, the Franks ruled here.

End of the 11th century Bergamo had become an independent commune, with a lot of feuding between the local the Guelph and Ghibelline factions.

In 1428 Bergamo was ceded in 1428 by the Duchy of Milan to the Republic of Venice and was transformed into a fortified city, protecting the trade routes leading into the Rhine Valley.

The French Revolutionary Army ended more than three centuries of Venetian rule in 1797. Bergamo was part of the "Cisalpine Republic".
At Congress of Vienna, Bergamo was assigned to the (Austrian) Kingdom of Lombardy–Venetia. Giuseppe Garibaldi conquered Bergamo in 1859. The city was incorporated into the newly founded Kingdom of Italy.

Bergamo has two centres: Città alta ("upper city"), a hilltop medieval town, surrounded by the 16th-century defensive walls, and the Città bassa ("lower city").

The Città alta, seen from the hotel room (in the Città bassa).

Comments
 aNNa schramm
aNNa schramm club
una bella veduta ... :-)
3 years ago.

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