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Churches of the World Churches of the World


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gothic architecture gothic architecture


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Keywords

pogrom
Männleinlaufen
Peter Parler
Karl IV
Parler
Hauptmarkt
Charles IV
Frauenkirche
Franconia
Nuernberg
Christkindlmarkt
Nuremberg
Bavaria
Franken
Bayern
Germany
Deutschland
Golden Bull


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Nuremberg - Frauenkirche

Nuremberg - Frauenkirche
The "Frauenkirche" was built on the initiative of Charles IV, Holy Roman Emperor, who wanted a church for imperial ceremonies here, between 1352 and 1362. It stands on the eastern side of the "Hauptmarkt" (= main market), where since the 17th century the (meanwhile world reknowned) "Christkindlmarkt" is held each year during Advent.

It was built in place of the former Jewish synagogue, which was destroyed during the pogrom of 1349, following an outbreak of Black Death.

Peter Parler may have been the architect of the Gothic facade. One of the notable features is the "Männleinlaufen", a mechanical clock that commemorates the Golden Bull of 1356.

The clock was installed in the church in 1506. The Holy Roman Emperor is shown seated with the electors surrounding him. The mechanism is activated at noon, then there is a procession of the electors around the figure of the Holy Roman Emperor.

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