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ARTE ROMANICO ARTE ROMANICO


Tuscany Tuscany



Keywords

equestrian statue
Bamberg Horseman
Comacine masters
magistri comacini
Comasken
Comasces
Guido Bigarelli
Duomo di Lucca
Lucca Cathedral
Republic of Lucca
St. Paulinus
Matilda of Tuscany
Cattedrale di San Martino
Lucca
Tuscany
Toskana
Italy
Bamberger Reiter


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Lucca - Duomo di Lucca

Lucca - Duomo di Lucca
Lucca existed already in Etruscan times and became a Roman colony in 180 BC. The Diocese of Lucca dates back to the first century, legends tell, that St. Paulinus, a disciple of St. Peter, was the first Bishop of Lucca. In medieval times Lucca was the residence of the Margraves of Tuscany. After the death of Matilda of Tuscany (1115), Lucca constituted itself as an independent republic. Actually the "Republic of Lucca" existed from 1160 to 1805.

The Cathedral of Saint Martin is the seat of the Archbishop of Lucca. The construction of the cathedral started in 1063, when Anselm (later Pope Alexander II) was bishop here.

The western facade was begun in 1204 by Guido Bigarelli, who later sculpted (and signed!) the the octogonal baptismal font in the center of the Pisan Baptistery. He is one of the many gifted artists, that came from the area around the Lake Como and are known as "Comacine masters".

This life-size equestrian statue of Saint Martin is one of the largest in Europe. Comparable to the Bamberg Horseman (Bamberg/Germany) or that ones in France (Surgeres, Melle, Airvault).

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