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Churches, Chapels and Monasteries Churches, Chapels and Monasteries



Keywords

musician
Louis the Pious
Wars of Religion
style saintongue
Via Turonensis
poitevine
Saint-Hérie
Saint Arediu
Arède d'Atane
Battle of Taillebourg
Pepin I of Aquitaine
corbel
Matha
17
horn
France
Charente-Maritime
Poitou
Poitou-Charentes
Huguenots
Edict of Nantes
Abbaye royale
pan pipes


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Matha - Saint-Hérie

Matha - Saint-Hérie 

Monks, lay brothers and workers from the Benedictian Abbaye royale of Saint-Jean-d'Angély (20kms northwest), started to build this church end of the 11th century. The Benedictian abbey, part of the cluniac network, had been founded by Louis the Pious´ son Pepin I of Aquitaine in the 9th century. Given up during the Viking raids, the abbey grew rich, famous and important, when the Via Turonensis developed. Thousends of pilgrims followed that way and as a relic of John the Baptist was kept in the abbey, this was a major halt on the "chemin". The abbey sponsored the building of dozends of churches in the Poitou.

The church was dedicated to Saint-Hérie (aka "Saint Arediu", "Arède d'Atane"). The village around the church was consequently named "Saint-Herie" before it got merged into the small town of Matha.

During the 100 Years´War, the area changed hands a couple of times, before the "Battle of Taillebourg" 1242 (30kms west) ended the "Saintonge-War".

The Wars of Religion were even worse for Saint-Hérie. Only the facade and the southern wall of the nave survived the fury. Matha was a stronghold of the Huguenots, who were evicted and exiled after the "Edict of Nantes" got revoked in 1685. Following that all protestant churches existing in the town got leveled to the ground.

Though only two outside walls of the Romanesque structure are standing, there are many nice corbels. Here are two musician, one with a horn, the other with pan pipes.

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