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New York's Chinese Politics

New York's Chinese Politics
The flag to the right is the official Republic of China / Taiwan flag. This is the Kuomintang (Chinese Nationalist Party) Eastern United States Head Office on Mott Street.

Chinese politics has been complicated since 1900s.

In 1911, Imperial China was overthrown (though not quite accurate, but think of the movie The Last Emperor). At that point, the Republic of China was created by the Chinese Nationalist Party, the Kuomintang, or KMT.

However, an increasing number of people and politicians began to follow Communism. In the 1930s, the Communists and the KMT broke into a bloody civil war, which was only interrupted when Japan invaded China in 1937 (yes, way before official start of World War 2). During World War 2, the KMT and Communists formed a loose alliance to fight the invading Japanese.

When Japan was defeated in 1945, sadly, the civil war resumed and the Communists increasingly occupied more and more land. In 1949, the retreating KMT escaped and took control of the island of Taiwan, basing the Republic of China in Taipei, Taiwan.

Meanwhile, the victorious Communists formed the People's Republic of China in 1949, what many call the Communist China.

For decades, both Chinas (the Republic based in Taipei and the Communist based in Beijing) were at war and threatened to restart an all-out war to retake each other's territories. Internationally though, anti-Communist sentiments meant that the Republic of China, the one formed in 1911 but then only controlled the provincial island of Taiwan, was the legitimate China and Communist China was isolated.

In 1972, however, U.S. presient Richard Nixon shocked the world when he announced that the U.S. would recognize Communist China and ended diplomatic relationship with the Taipei government. Almost overnight, the United Nations and most other countries kicked Taiwan out and withdrew their embassies from Taipei : (

Till today, Taiwan often officially refers itself as the Republic of China and call for re-unification of mainland China and democracy in Communist China, though most people now simply see the Taipei government as Taiwan and not China. Till today, Taiwan is not part of the United Nations and a vast majority of the world's countries cannot maintain diplomatic relations with Taiwan due the China's objection, which is really stupid and unfair.

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