Posted on 09/23/2009

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Women's History Women's History


African Americans
Early 1900s
Women's Right To Vote in America
Black Suffrage Movement
Hattie Redmond
Colored Women's Equal Suffrage Association (CWESA)

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Hattie Redmond

Hattie Redmond
She served as the Colored Women's Equal Suffrage Association (CWESA) first secretary and later served as president.

The association was open to women who were members of Portland's African American churches — First African Episcopal Methodist Zion Church, Bethel African Methodist Episcopal, Mount Olivet Baptist, and First African Baptist — "with the object of spreading equal suffrage ideas among those of the race."

Across the campaign, CWESA members attended lectures by leaders of the African American community and also invited white suffragists to speak.

Portland's CWESA was among "hundreds of African American women's clubs mobilized for the vote" in the first decades of the twentieth century, and it mirrored national trends in members' club and church associations. Although national and local discrimination had barred African American women in Portland from membership in white women's clubs since 1902, the CWESA was included in the broader suffrage coalitions of Portland in the 1912 campaign.

She is buried in Lone Fir Cemetery in Portland.

Oregon Historical Quarterly
by Kimberly Jensen