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Porzellan Figur Bäuerin (Saxe)

Porzellan Figur Bäuerin (Saxe)
Meißener Porzellan seit 1770

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Demetrius Chryssikos
Demetrius Chryssikos
Meißner Porzellan (Handelsmarke: Meissener Porzellan) ist Porzellan aus der ersten europäischen und im 18. Jahrhundert lange Zeit führenden Manufaktur, die von ihrer Gründung bis zum Jahr 1863 auf der Albrechtsburg in Meißen, dann in einem eigenen Werk produzierte.
1710 von August dem Starken als „Königlich-Polnische und Kurfürstlich-Sächsische Porzellan-Manufaktur“ gegründet, ging sie 1806 als „Königlich-Sächsische Porzellan-Manufaktur Meissen“ aus dem Besitz der Krone in das Eigentum des sächsischen Fiskus über. Im Zuge der verfassungsmäßigen Erneuerung des staatlichen Eigentums nannte sich das Unternehmen ab 1918 „Staatliche Porzellan-Manufaktur Meissen“. In der DDR war die Manufaktur ein Volkseigener Betrieb. Seit dem 26. Juni 1991 firmiert sie als „Staatliche Porzellan-Manufaktur Meissen GmbH“, deren Gesellschafter der Freistaat Sachsen ist.
Die weltweit führende Porzellanmanufaktur gehört zu den international bekanntesten deutschen Luxusmarken.
4 years ago.
Demetrius Chryssikos
Demetrius Chryssikos
Meissen porcelain or Meissen china is the first European hard-paste porcelain that was developed from 1708 by Ehrenfried Walther von Tschirnhaus. After his death that October, Johann Friedrich Böttger, continued his work and brought porcelain to the market. The production of porcelain at Meissen, near Dresden, started in 1710 and attracted artists and artisans to establish one of the most famous porcelain manufacturers, still in business today as Staatliche Porzellan-Manufaktur Meissen GmbH. Its signature logo, the crossed swords, was introduced in 1720 to protect its production; the mark of the crossed swords is one of the oldest trademarks in existence. It dominated the style of European porcelain until 1756.
4 years ago.
Demetrius Chryssikos
Demetrius Chryssikos
The Chinese had mastered the production of porcelain long before the west became aware of it, and by the seventeenth century oriental porcelain had become a valuable export commodity in the China trade. Mostly provided by the Dutch East India Company, porcelain from China and Japan represented wealth, importance, and refined taste in Europe, while local attempts to produce porcelain, such as the brief experiment that produced "Medici porcelain" had met with failure.
At the beginning of the eighteenth century Johann Friedrich Böttger pretended he had solved the dream of the alchemists, to produce gold from worthless materials. When King Augustus II of Poland heard of it, he kept him in protective custody and requested him to produce gold. For years Johann Friedrich Böttger was unsuccessful in this effort. At the same time, Ehrenfried Walther von Tschirnhaus, a mathematician and scientist, experimented with the manufacture of glass, trying to make porcelain as well. Tschirnhaus supervised Böttger and by 1707 Böttger reluctantly started to help in the experiments by Tschirnhaus. When Tschirnhaus suddenly died, the recipe apparently was handed over to Böttger, who within one week announced to the Elector that he could make porcelain. Böttger refined the formula and with some Dutch co-workers, experienced in firing and painting tiles, the stage was set for the manufacturing of porcelain. In 1709, the Elector established the first Meissen manufactory, placed Böttger's laboratory at Albrechtsburg castle in Meissen and production started officially in 1710.
4 years ago.