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The Resistance of Forty Greek Rebels in a Tower in Thebes in 1833

The Resistance of Forty Greek Rebels in a Tower in Thebes in 1833
ARTIST: Georg Melchior Kraus (1737-1806)
Bibliotheque Nationale, Paris, France

Christel Ehretsmann, Patrice Leydier, Nouchetdu38 have particularly liked this photo


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Demetrius Chryssikos
Demetrius Chryssikos
The Museum courtyard is dominated today by the medieval tower that is believed to have been built in the late 13th century by the lord Nikolaos II Saint-Homer (1258-1294), whose family had received half the city of Thebes as a dowry from the lords of the Duchy of Athens.
It is the best preserved section of the medieval fortifications of Thebes; it is rectangular on plan with a height of 14 metres. It initially had at least three floors, of which only the first two have been preserved today. To protect it, the entrance was on the first floor with access to it and all the other levels by wooden stairs.
The tower was used as a prison in the late 19th century. On the ground floor walls, drawings have been preserved that depict prisoners counting the length of their sentence, which is unknown to us.
The recent works to support and restore the monument have brought to light significant archaeological data, on the basis of which a small exhibition has been created on the subject of the building’s function, as well as that of the other towers scattered throughout the Boeotian countryside, landmarks of the region to this day.

Archaeological Museum of Thebes, Greece
5 weeks ago. Edited 5 weeks ago.
Demetrius Chryssikos
Demetrius Chryssikos
Georg Melchior Kraus (26 July 1737, in Frankfurt am Main – 5 November 1806, in Weimar) was a German painter. A student of Johann Heinrich Tischbein, he was also a teacher himself (his pupils included Ferdinand Jagemann), as well as an entrepreneur and friend of Goethe. He was a co-founder of the Fürstliche freie Zeichenschule Weimar with Friedrich Justin Bertuch in 1776.
Georg Melchior Kraus was the sixth of nine children, though five of these died before reaching a year. His parents Cornelia Kraus (née Paulsen) and Johann Georg Kraus ran the "Zur weissen Schlangen" hotel in the Sandgasse in Frankfurt. Georg Melchior Kraus was eight when his father remarried after Cornelia's early death.
From 1759 to 1762 he trained in the studio of the court painter Johann Heinrich Tischbein the Elder at the court of landgraf Frederick II of Hesse-Kassel. In November 1762 Georg Melchior travelled to Paris to study under the best-known copper-engraver of the time, Johann Georg Wille. In Paris he also came into contact with the genre painter Jean-Baptiste Greuze and soon became "genre painter familiar to His Holiness the prince bishop of Wirsbourg"
At the end of 1766 Kraus returned to Frankfurt, at first becoming a private tutor and genre painter. He maintained his French contacts so well that in 1776 he was included on Colisée's list as a genre painter. In Frankfurt his pupils included Sophie von La Roche, Friedrich Heinrich Jacobi and Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, while he also unsuccessfully petitioned the city council on 2 April 1767 for the establishment of a painting academy.
5 weeks ago.
Christel Ehretsmann
Christel Ehretsmann
I remember having seen those square houses in Magne
and having learnt the reason why they had been built that way..to be able to defend against intruders whoever they could have been...
4 weeks ago.
Demetrius Chryssikos has replied to Christel Ehretsmann
;-)
4 weeks ago.