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A Day To Remember...

A Day To Remember...
Exploring the beaches and mythical places of the Normandy landings (6th June 1944)

Rymie Jolie, Armando Taborda, woelfi have particularly liked this photo


7 comments - The latest ones
Demetrius Chryssikos
Demetrius Chryssikos
The Normandy landings, codenamed Operation Neptune, were the landing operations on 6 June 1944 (termed D-Day) of the Allied invasion of Normandy in Operation Overlord during World War II. The largest seaborne invasion in history, the operation began the invasion of German-occupied western Europe, led to the restoration of the French Republic, and contributed to an Allied victory in the war.
Planning for the operation began in 1943. In the months leading up to the invasion, the Allies conducted a substantial military deception, codenamed Operation Bodyguard, to mislead the Germans as to the date and location of the main Allied landings. The weather on D-Day was far from ideal, but postponing would have meant a delay of at least two weeks, as the invasion planners set conditions regarding the phase of the moon, the tides, and the time of day that meant only a few days in each month were deemed suitable. Hitler placed German Field Marshal Erwin Rommel in command of German forces and of developing fortifications along the Atlantic Wall in anticipation of an Allied invasion.
The amphibious landings were preceded by extensive aerial and naval bombardment and an airborne assault—the landing of 24,000 British, US, and Canadian airborne troops shortly after midnight. Allied infantry and armoured divisions began landing on the coast of France starting at 06:30. The target 50-mile (80 km) stretch of the Normandy coast was divided into five sectors: Utah, Omaha, Gold, Juno and Sword Beach. Strong winds blew the landing craft east of their intended positions, particularly at Utah and Omaha. The men landed under heavy fire from gun emplacements overlooking the beaches, and the shore was mined and covered with obstacles such as wooden stakes, metal tripods, and barbed wire, making the work of the beach clearing teams difficult and dangerous. Casualties were heaviest at Omaha, with its high cliffs. At Gold, Juno, and Sword, several fortified towns were cleared in house-to-house fighting, and two major gun emplacements at Gold were disabled using specialised tanks.
4 years ago.
Demetrius Chryssikos
Demetrius Chryssikos
The Allies failed to achieve all of their goals on the first day. Carentan, St. Lô, and Bayeux remained in German hands, and Caen, a major objective, was not captured until 21 July. Only two of the beaches (Juno and Gold) were linked on the first day, and all five bridgeheads were not connected until 12 June. However, the operation gained a foothold that the Allies gradually expanded over the coming months. German casualties on D-Day were around 1,000 men. Allied casualties were at least 12,000, with 4,414 confirmed dead. Museums, memorials, and war cemeteries in the area host many visitors each year.
4 years ago.
Demetrius Chryssikos
Demetrius Chryssikos
Historique du "Cricket"

C'est après le parachutage au-dessus de la Sicile en 1943 que le commandant Taylor, futur général commandant la 101ème division aéroportée américaine, réalisa l'importance de la communication au sein des unités parachutées en territoire ennemi. En effet, disséminés à de multiples endroits, des parachutistes isolés ont eu bien du mal à retrouver leurs camarades sans risquer de s'exposer aux tirs adverses.
Les Américains réutilisèrent le principe d'un jouet très répandu à l'époque et qui consistait en une lame ressort d'acier émettant un claquement une fois pressé. En effet, l'entreprise anglaise THE ACME a reçu la commande de plusieurs milliers de petits crickets en laiton de forme parallélépipédique, certains furent réalisés en laiton chromé.
Seule la 101ème Airborne Division a été pourvu de crickets, et uniquement les parachutistes de la division l'ont reçu en dotation quelques jours avant le 6 juin 1944. En plus de ce moyen de reconnaissance, un code vocal a été mis au point (valable les 24 heures suivant le déclenchement des opérations) : "Flash" (éclair), mot auquel il fallait répondre "Thunder" (tonnerre). Le deuxième jour, le code devenait : "Hustle"-"Along". D'autres moyens d'identification existaient : la fumée (colorée ou non), des panneaux, la lumière ou encore des drapeaux.
Les parachutistes étaient libres d'accrocher leur cricket où ils le souhaitaient. Certains l'ont gardé dans les poches de leurs vestes ou de leurs pantalons, d'autres l'ont accroché autour du cou ou encore à leur casque.
De nos jours, de nombreuses reproductions ont été produites et il n'est pas rare d'entendre les fameux "clic-clac" lors des cérémonies commémoratives en Normandie.
4 years ago.
Armando Taborda
Armando Taborda
YES, Demetrius!
4 years ago.
Demetrius Chryssikos has replied to Armando Taborda
Obrigado :-)
4 years ago. Edited 4 years ago.
Rymie Jolie
Rymie Jolie
D'actualité!
4 years ago.
Demetrius Chryssikos has replied to Rymie Jolie
:-)
4 years ago.