Bob Wills and the Texas Playboys give us their version of the traditional fiddle classic "Ida Red" recorded in 1938 which is the basis for "Maybellene".

Chuck Berry's initial release for Chess Records was "Maybellene". It was originally called "Ida May". Label owner Leonard Chess didn't want either "Ida Red" or "Ida May" as the title and requested that it be rewritten with more focus on a teen audience. Many stories ascribe the title to a container of mascara left in the studio. The original release credits disc jockey Alan Freed as co-writer. Chuck peaked at number one on the R&B charts and number five on the pop chart in 1955.

In 1964 the Johnny Rivers cover reached the number twelve position.